Python and Java: Side By Side Comparison for Programmers

Published: October 11, 2023

Which is better? Python or Java? The ever-popular debate of Python vs Java is what we will explore in this blog today.

Python and Java are two of the most popular programming languages in the world, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Python is known for its straightforward approach and readability, making it a most suitable choice for beginners and experts alike. In contrast, Java is known for its performance and security, making it a popular choice for enterprise-level applications. 

In this side-by-side comparison, we’ll explore the key differences between Python and Java, including their syntax, performance, popularity, and community support. We’ll also look at how each language is used in different industries and their future in the ever-evolving world of technology.

python and java google trends

As for the Google Trends analysis, it shows that Python has been consistently more popular than Java in the last 12 months, with a significant lead in search interest. 

This reflects the increasing popularity of Python in recent years, particularly in the fields of data science and machine learning, as well as its role in comparing Machine Learning vs AI

However, it’s worth noting that Java remains a widely used language in many industries and continues to be a valuable skill for programmers to have.

What Is Java?

Java is a popular programming language initially developed by Sun Microsystems and is now owned by Oracle Corporation. It was first released in 1995 and has since become one of the world’s most widely used programming languages. 

Java is popular among enterprise-level organizations for its scalability, portability, and security features. Its syntax is similar to that of C++ and C#, making it relatively easy to learn for those with a background in programming. You can also compare the syntax when exploring C vs C++.

defination of java

Java is commonly used for building web, mobile, and server-side applications. It also has a large community of developers, making it easy to locate help, support and resources online.

What Is Python?

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It was first released in 1991 by Guido van Rossum and has since become one of the most popular programming languages in the world. 

Python is popular among data scientists, web developers, and software engineers for its versatility and ease of use. In addition, its syntax is designed to be easily read and understood, making it an excellent language for beginners. 

defination of python

Python is commonly used for web development, scientific computing, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. It also has a large and supportive community of developers, making it easy to find help and resources online.

Python vs Java: A Side-By-Side Comparison

Now we shall explore the Java vs Python differences in a side-by-side approach. This tabular comparison format will help you develop a better understanding to settle the debate of Python vs Java.

FactorPythonJava
PopularityPopular for data science, AI, and machine learning.Popular for enterprise-level applications.
LanguageHigh-level, interpreted, supports multiple paradigms.Object-oriented, class-based, platform-independent.
Use CasesScripting, automation, scientific computing, web dev.Enterprise, web, mobile, desktop, gaming.
ApplicationsDropbox, YouTube, Instagram, Reddit, Spotify, Google.Android apps, trading systems, e-commerce platforms, banking systems, and stock exchange software.
TypingDynamically typed.Statically typed.
SyntaxEasy to learn, read, and write.It requires more verbose code but promotes readability and maintainability.
PerformanceSlower than Java but fast enough for most use cases.Faster than Python due to its just-in-time compilation and bytecode optimization.
StabilityStable but may have issues with large codebases.Stable and reliable, especially for enterprise-level applications.
SpeedSlower than Java but fast enough for most use cases.Faster than Python due to its just-in-time compilation and bytecode optimization.
LearningEasy to learn and use for beginners.Steep learning curve due to its verbose syntax and object-oriented concepts.
SecureNot as secure as Java due to its dynamic typing.Highly secure due to its strong type checking, security features, and sandboxed runtime environment.
LibrariesLarge and active third-party libraries and frameworks.A comprehensive set of standard libraries and frameworks but fewer third-party options than Python.
OutlookHas a bright future due to its popularity and versatility.It has a mature ecosystem but may face competition from newer languages and technologies in the future.

4 The Advantages of Java

Now that we have understood the major driving factors behind the difference between Python vs Java, let us look at the advantages of Java first.

  1. Platform-independent: Java programs can run on any platform that supports Java, making it a highly portable language.
  2. Object-oriented: Java is an object-oriented language, which means it can be used to model real-world objects, making writing and maintaining complex programs easier.
  3. Memory management: Java’s automatic memory management frees developers from manually managing memory, making writing reliable, bug-free code easier.
  4. Large ecosystem: Java has a large and mature ecosystem with a wealth of libraries, frameworks, and tools that can be used to build a wide range of applications.

Given these advantages, we suggest that you check out the best Java courses to help you learn the language to utilize these benefits in your programming career. Better yet, check out our guide to becoming a Java developer for clarity on this career path.

3 Disadvantages of Java 

Naturally, we shall now look at the disadvantages of Java.

  1. Slower Performance: While Java is fast enough for most applications, it is generally slower than other languages like C++ due to its reliance on virtual machines and garbage collection.
  2. Learning curve: Java has a steep learning curve, especially for beginners who may struggle with the language’s syntax and object-oriented programming concepts.
  3. Memory usage: Java can be memory-intensive, which can be a problem for applications that need to run on devices with limited memory or for large-scale applications that require a lot of resources.

5 The Advantages of Python 

Moving on, let us look at the benefits of choosing Python in this Python or Java race.

  1. Easy to learn: Python is one of the easiest programming languages to learn, making it a popular choice for beginners.
  2. Large ecosystem: Python has a large and active ecosystem with a wealth of libraries, frameworks, and tools that can be used to build a wide range of applications.
  3. Versatility: Python can be used for various applications, including web development, data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and more.
  4. Expressive syntax: Python’s syntax is designed to be clear and concise, making writing and reading code easier than other languages. Therefore, when talking about Python vs Java syntax, Python leads.
  5. Interpreted language: Python is an interpreted language, which means it can be run on any platform without requiring compilation, making it highly portable.

Looking at these advantages, one must explore the best Python courses to learn the relevant skills to enter the industry and put these strengths to good use.

3 Disadvantages of Python 

Lastly, let’s look at the not-so-good bits regarding Python.

  1. Performance: Python is an interpreted language, which can make it slower than compiled languages like C++ or Java, particularly for applications that require a lot of processing power.
  2. Threading limitations: Python has some limitations when it comes to threading, which can make it challenging to write multithreaded applications.
  3. Weak in mobile computing: While Python is a versatile language, it is not widely used in mobile app development, which may limit its usefulness for some developers.

Python and Java – FAQ

Which Is Better, Java Or Python?

This question has no defining answer, as it honestly depends on your specific needs and goals. For example, Java is a popular language for building large-scale, mission-critical applications, while Python is often used for data science, machine learning, and web development.
Both languages have their strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to consider your project requirements and choose the language that best meets your needs.

Which Pays More, Java Or Python?

Salaries for Java and Python developers can vary widely depending on various factors, including location, experience, and the specific job.
However, as per Glassdoor, Java developers earn slightly lower salaries than Python developers at an average of $100,241 and $102,601 per year, respectively.

Should I Learn Python Or Java?

The answer to this question depends on your goals and interests. If you’re interested in data science, machine learning, or web development, Python may be a better choice. On the other hand, if you’re interested in building large-scale, mission-critical applications or looking for a highly portable language that runs on any platform, Java may be a better choice.

Conclusion: Which One To Choose Python or Java?

In conclusion, the debate over Python vs Java is longstanding, with both languages having their own strengths and weaknesses. However, while Java has been around for much longer and is a popular choice for large-scale applications, Python’s ease of use and versatility make it a popular option for data science, machine learning, and web development. 

Ultimately, the choice between Python and Java depends on your specific needs and goals as a developer. However, whether you choose to learn one language, both, or neither, it’s important to stay up-to-date with the latest developments in the programming world as new technologies and programming languages continue to emerge.

This is why we recommend that you stay updated with programming language courses to learn more about programming languages and other learning opportunities.