Deep Learning vs Machine Learning: What’s the Difference?

Published: October 19, 2023

In the ever-evolving landscape of technology, two terms that often come up are Deep Learning and Machine Learning. Both are vital components of artificial intelligence (AI) and have been making significant waves today. 

Machine Learning refers to the practice of enabling machines to learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. On the other hand, Deep Learning takes inspiration from the human brain and involves training artificial neural networks to process vast amounts of data. 

comparision of deep learning vs machine learning

With the potential to revolutionize various industries, these fields hold immense importance. This article explores the critical differences between Deep Learning and Machine Learning, sheds light on their future, and emphasizes the significance of education and training in these cutting-edge technologies.

 So, let’s dive into the exciting world of Deep Learning vs Machine Learning! But before that, let’s analyze some trends.

Google Trends screenshot for Deep Learning vs Machine Learning

The graph shows how many people search for “Deep Learning” and “Machine Learning” on Google. It tells us that these topics are becoming more popular over time. As we can see in machine learning vs deep learning, across the last year to date, machine learning has had the upper hand.

So, if you want to understand more about these incredible technologies and decipher the trends, read the rest of the article!

What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a fascinating concept that allows computers to learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. It uses data to teach machines how to make predictions, classify information, or make decisions. 

There are different types of machine learning, such as supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning; we will explore these ahead.

To make all of this possible, various algorithms and techniques are used in machine learning, such as linear regression, decision trees, support vector machines, and neural networks.

To learn more about the exciting world of machine learning and dive deeper into these concepts, check out the article “What is Machine Learning.” It explains everything in an easy-to-understand manner, further!

Different Types of Machine Learning

Let us now look at different types of machine learning:

  • Supervised learning: It’s like having a teacher guiding you. You learn from labelled examples to make predictions or classify new data.
  • Unsupervised learning: It’s like exploring without a map. You find patterns and connections in unlabeled data on your own.
  • Reinforcement learning: It’s like training a pet. You take action, get rewards or punishments, and learn to make better decisions to achieve a goal.

What is Deep Learning?

Deep Learning is a powerful artificial intelligence (AI) branch that mimics the human brain’s learning process. It involves training artificial neural networks (ANNs) to process vast amounts of data and extract meaningful patterns and representations. 

It has various types, including deep neural networks (DNNs) with multiple layers of interconnected nodes, allowing for complex computations and sophisticated learning capabilities. At the same time, recurrent neural networks (RNNs) handle sequential data like text. 

Key algorithms like backpropagation and activation functions help fine-tune the networks. Deep Learning has led to image recognition, language processing, and more breakthroughs. It’s an exciting field with endless possibilities for the future.

Different Types of Deep Learning Algorithms

Different Types of Deep Learning Algorithms

Alt-Text:  Artificial Neural Network

Before we move on to understand that what is difference between ML and DL? Let us first explore the types of DL algorithms further.

  1. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs): Specialized for image analysis, CNNs can recognize objects and patterns by analyzing different parts of an image, making them great for tasks like facial recognition or object detection.
  2. Long Short-Term Memory Networks (LSTMs): LSTMs are a type of recurrent neural network (RNN) that excel in handling sequential data, such as speech or text, by retaining and utilizing important information over long periods.
  3. Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs): RNNs can process sequential data by using feedback connections, allowing them to consider context and make predictions based on previous information, making them useful for tasks like language modeling or time series analysis.
  4. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs): GANs consist of a generator and a discriminator working together. The generator learns to generate realistic data, while the discriminator learns to distinguish between real and generated data, leading to remarkable advancements in generating realistic images or creating new content.
  5. Radial Basis Function Networks (RBFNs): RBFNs use radial basis functions to compute the similarity between inputs and pre-defined centers. They are often used for function approximation and pattern recognition tasks.
  6. Multilayer Perceptron (MLPs): MLPs are basic neural networks with multiple layers of nodes, allowing them to learn complex relationships between inputs and outputs. They are widely used for a variety of tasks, from classification to regression.
  7. Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs): SOMs are unsupervised learning models that organize data into a two-dimensional grid, capturing and visualizing the relationships and structures within the data.
  8. Deep Belief Networks (DBNs): DBNs comprise of multiple layers of probabilistic models that learn hierarchical representations of data, making them suitable for tasks such as feature learning or dimensionality reduction.
  9. Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs): RBMs are building blocks of deep learning models that learn to represent and reconstruct data. They are often used in pre-training deep neural networks.
  10. Autoencoders: Autoencoders are neural networks trained to reconstruct their input data, effectively learning a compressed representation. They are used for tasks such as data denoising, dimensionality reduction, or anomaly detection.

Key Differences Between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

One often wonders which one is the right choice for them, deep learning or machine learning. Especially those who are on their way to becoming machine learning engineer are often faced with this dilemma.

This is why let us look at the key differences between deep learning and machine learning to gain clarity in this regard.

FactorMachine LearningDeep Learning
Number Of Data PointsFewer data points are sufficientRequires larger amounts of data for better performance
Hardware DependenciesStandard hardwareRequires specialized hardware (e.g., GPUs, TPUs)
Featurization ProcessManual feature engineeringAutomatic feature learning and extraction
Learning ApproachRule-based and statisticalNeural network-based learning
Execution TimeFasterSlower
OutputSingle outputMultiple outputs or hierarchical representations
Algorithms And InterpretabilitySimpler and more interpretableComplex and less interpretable
Performance On Complex TasksMay struggleExcels and achieves state-of-the-art results
ScalabilityLimitations in scalabilityHighly scalable
Training TimeRequires less training timeTime-consuming due to complex network training

Side By Side Comparison Between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Now that we have covered the differences between DL and ML, let us look at the similarities between deep learning vs. ML. To do this, we shall conduct a side-by-side comparison of machine learning and deep learning.

1. Algorithms and Interpretability

Machine learning algorithms are simpler and more interpretable, while deep learning algorithms are complex and less interpretable due to the multiple layers and interconnected neurons.

2. Feature Engineering

Machine learning requires manual feature engineering, while deep learning algorithms can automatically learn and extract features from raw data.

3. Data Requirements

Machine learning algorithms can perform well with smaller datasets, while deep learning algorithms require larger amounts of data for better performance.

4. Computational Power

 Machine learning algorithms have lower computational power requirements and can run efficiently on standard hardware, while deep learning algorithms require more computational power and often rely on specialized hardware such as GPUs or TPUs.

5. Performance on Complex Tasks

Machine learning algorithms may struggle with highly complex tasks. In contrast, deep learning algorithms excel and achieve state-of-the-art results in complex domains like computer vision and natural language processing.

6. Scalability

Machine learning algorithms may face limitations in scalability, while deep learning algorithms offer scalability and can handle large-scale and complex problems effectively.

7. Training Time

Machine learning algorithms generally require less training time compared to deep learning algorithms, which involve training deep neural networks with a significant number of parameters and can be time-consuming. However, advancements in hardware have reduced training times for deep learning models.

The Future of Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Artificial Intelligence-Generated Robot

The future of Machine Learning and Deep Learning is filled with exciting possibilities. Current trends indicate a growing focus on interpretability, which means understanding how AI systems make decisions. This is important for trust and accountability. 

Another trend is the deployment of AI models on edge devices, such as smartphones or Internet of Things (IoT) devices, enabling faster and more efficient processing directly on the device.

Ethical AI is also gaining attention, ensuring that AI systems are fair, unbiased, and respect privacy. Considering the future impact on society, Machine Learning and Deep Learning have the potential to transform various industries, including healthcare, finance, and transportation. They can enable personalized medicine, improve fraud detection, and even power self-driving cars.

To stay relevant in these rapidly evolving fields, continued learning and skill development are crucial. There are many resources available for further education, such as online courses, certifications, and bootcamps. You can also check out the best machine learning courses to look at our recommendations.

In conclusion, the future of Machine Learning and Deep Learning is promising. Understanding the differences between Machine Learning and AI and Deep Learning vs. Machine Learning important as these technologies continue to shape our world. Embracing lifelong learning and staying updated will empower individuals to harness the potential of these transformative technologies.

Careers Opportunities in Deep Learning

Following are the career paths that you can explore if you decide to step into the world of Deep Learning.

  1. Deep Learning Engineer: The average salary for a Deep Learning Engineer is around $141,906 per year.
  2. Research Scientist – Deep Learning: Research Scientists specializing in Deep Learning can expect an average salary of $157,086 per year.
  3. Data Scientist – Deep Learning: Data Scientists with expertise in Deep Learning earn an average salary of $138,791 per year.
  4. AI Solutions Architect: AI Solutions Architects specializing in Deep Learning can earn an average salary of $198,675 annually.

Please note that these salary figures are approximate averages and can vary based on factors such as location, industry, experience, and company size.

Careers Opportunities in Machine Learning

Following are some career opportunities that you can look out for in the Machine Learning sector.

  1. Machine Learning Engineer: Machine Learning Engineers typically earn an average salary of $133,212 annually.
  2. Data Scientist – Machine Learning: Data Scientists specializing in Machine Learning can expect an average salary of $138,791 per year.
  3. Machine Learning Specialist: Machine Learning Specialists have an average salary of $96,138 per year.
  4. Machine Learning Consultant: Machine Learning Consultants can earn an average salary of $106,876 per year.

Please note that these salary figures are approximate averages and can vary based on factors such as location, industry, experience, and company size.

Deep Learning vs Machine Learning - FAQs

Is Deep Learning Better Than ML?

Deep Learning and Machine Learning have different strengths depending on the task and data. For example, deep Learning excels in complex, unstructured data like images and speech, while Machine Learning techniques are versatile for various tasks.
Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning, using neural networks with multiple layers. It has achieved remarkable advancements in computer vision, natural language processing, and more.

Is Deep Learning Part of Machine Learning?  

Yes, Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning. It utilizes artificial neural networks with multiple layers to learn complex patterns. 

Deep Learning has its own algorithms, like CNNs and RNNs, showing great potential in computer vision, natural language processing, and speech recognition. In addition, it leverages the structure and learning processes of the human brain, making it a part of the broader field of Machine Learning.


When it comes to choosing between Deep Learning and Machine Learning, it depends on the task you want to tackle. Deep Learning could be a good choice if you’re working with lots of complex, unstructured data like images or speech. It’s like having a super-smart brain that learns from examples and can recognize patterns. 

On the other hand, if you’re dealing with a variety of tasks and want more interpretability, Machine Learning is like having a versatile toolkit. It can help you solve different problems using algorithms and techniques. So, think about what you’re trying to accomplish and pick the best one that suits your needs—Deep Learning vs Machine Learning, both have their strengths and can do amazing things!

So, are you ready to dive into the exciting world of Deep Learning and Machine Learning? Gain insights, find resources, and unlock the potential of these technologies by visiting our blog at Internet of Learning and checking out the top-rated deep learning bootcamps and the best machine learning bootcamps!