What Is Software Engineering – A Beginner’s Guide

Published: October 5, 2023

Ever wondered what is software engineering and what is it all about? Well, get ready to uncover the answer! 

This beginner’s guide will explain software engineering in simple terms. It’s all about designing, creating, and maintaining software systems. Software engineers are skilled people who use their competencies to build all kinds of cool things, from mobile apps to websites and more. 

In this write-up, we will talk about different types of software engineering and why it is popular in the first place. We’ll explore different types of software engineering jobs and their salary for them. 

So, if you’re curious to learn how software engineering shapes our digital world, hop on board and let’s dive in together!

What is a Software Engineer? 

Now you must be wondering who instead what is a software engineer. They are skilled professionals who design, develop, and maintain software systems

With high demand across industries, software engineers possess programming, algorithms, and problem-solving expertise. From mobile apps to complex software solutions, their skills are sought after. 

If you’re fascinated by programming and seek a rewarding career, becoming a software engineer can open doors to a sought-after profession.

Types Of Software Engineering

Before we look at the different software engineering jobs that an aspiring software enthusiast can secure, lets us look at the different types of software engineering.

  1. Web Engineering
  2. Mobile Application Engineering
  3. Embedded Systems Engineering
  4. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Engineering
  5. Game Development Engineering
  6. Quality Assurance Engineering
  7. DevOps Engineering

1. Web Engineering

Web engineering is the discipline that involves designing, developing, and maintaining websites and web applications, ensuring their functionality, usability, and performance on the World Wide Web. It encompasses various aspects such as web design, programming, and optimization for an enhanced user experience.

2. Mobile Application Engineering

Mobile application engineering refers to the process of designing, developing, and maintaining mobile applications for smartphones and other mobile devices. 

It involves various stages, including conceptualization, design, coding, testing, and deployment, focusing on creating user-friendly, efficient, and engaging mobile experiences.

3. Embedded Systems Engineering

Embedded systems engineering designs and develops specialized computer systems integrated into devices, focusing on reliability, efficiency, and real-time performance for specific applications and industries.

4. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Engineering

AI and Machine Learning (ML) engineering develops intelligent systems that autonomously learn and make decisions. Engineers design algorithms, models, and frameworks for tasks like pattern recognition and predictive analytics, creating innovative solutions to enhance automation and decision-making across domains.

5. Game Development Engineering

Game development engineering involves designing, programming, and implementing interactive video games across different platforms. Engineers collaborate with artists and designers to create engaging and visually stunning gaming experiences.

6. Quality Assurance Engineering

Quality Assurance (QA) engineering ensures products meet quality standards through testing and defect identification. QA engineers collaborate with development teams to establish metrics and enhance overall product quality, ensuring a positive user experience.

7. DevOps Engineering

DevOps engineering merges development and operations to streamline software delivery through automation, collaboration, and continuous integration. Engineers optimize workflows, monitor performance, and enhance efficiency for rapid and reliable software deployment.

Why is Software Engineering Popular?

Software engineers in an office setting occupied with work

Software engineering has gained immense popularity due to several key factors. Firstly, the demand for large-scale software solutions has skyrocketed with the increasing reliance on technology in various industries. 

Software engineering provides the expertise to design and develop robust applications to meet these complex requirements. Scalability and adaptability are crucial, as software needs to handle growing user bases and changing needs. 

Moreover, software engineering offers cost-effectiveness by automating processes and reducing manual efforts. The dynamic nature of the field keeps it exciting and ever-evolving, attracting individuals with a passion for innovation. 

Lastly, software engineering emphasizes quality management, ensuring that products meet high standards, user expectations, and industry regulations.

Types Of Software Engineers with Salary 

One of the most common questions that we receive here at Internet of Learning regarding software engineers is how much does a software engineer make? So let’s explore the answer to this question in relevance to different types of software engineers.

  1. Full-Stack Engineer
  2. Back-End Engineer
  3. Mobile Application Engineer
  4. Data Scientists
  5. DevOps Engineer
  6. Front-End Engineer
  7. Security Engineer

1. Full-Stack Engineer

These engineers work on both the front-end and back-end of an application. As per Glassdoor, their average salary in the United States is around $120,180. To become a frontend engineer, individuals can start by learning HTML, CSS, and JavaScript through online courses or tutorials, and practicing building websites and applications.

Gradually expanding their knowledge and proficiency in frontend frameworks and libraries like React or Angular. Continuous learning and staying updated with industry trends are essential for success in this field.

2. Back-End Engineer 

These engineers specialize in building the server side of an application. Their average salary in the United States is around $134,140 per year.

3. Mobile Application Engineer

These engineers specialize in developing mobile applications for iOS and Android platforms. Their average salary in the United States is around $81,862 per year.

4. Data Scientist

These engineers use statistical and machine learning techniques to analyze data and build predictive models. Their average salary in the United States is around $126,813 per year.

5.DevOps Engineer

These engineers specialize in automating and streamlining the software development and deployment process. Their average salary in the United States is around $134,658 per year.

6. Front-End Engineer

These engineers specialize in building the user interface of an application. Their average salary in the United States is around $129,554 per year.

7. Security Engineer 

These engineers specialize in securing software applications and protecting them from cyber-attacks. Their average salary in the United States is around $132,695 per year.

What Are the Education Requirements for Software Engineering?

What Are the Education Requirements for Software Engineering

Now that we have covered a software engineer’s salary along with types let’s explore how to become a software engineer in terms of academic requirements.

Education requirements for software engineering typically involve a combination of college degrees, certifications, and alternative education programs. However, many employers prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science, software engineering, or a related field. 

Certifications in specific programming languages or technologies can enhance job prospects and demonstrate proficiency in a particular area. Popular certifications include those related to Java, Python, Agile methodologies, and cloud computing platforms.

Bootcamps and top-rated online software engineering courses offer intensive, focused training for individuals seeking a more accelerated path. These programs provide hands-on experience and practical skills in software development, as well as software testing.

While a degree is often the standard requirement, alternative pathways, such as certifications and bootcamps, can also be valuable for gaining relevant skills and entering the field. 

The specific education requirements may vary based on job requirements, industry, and employer preferences. Researching and considering the most suitable educational path based on individual career goals and circumstances is essential.

What Is Software Engineering - FAQs

What Is Software Engineering in Short?

In short, software engineering is the discipline that involves designing, developing, and maintaining software systems. It encompasses various activities such as coding, testing, and software project management to create reliable and efficient software solutions.

Do Software Engineers Need Mathematics?

Yes. Mathematics is fundamental to software engineering, providing the logical and analytical thinking required for problem-solving and algorithm development. 
While not every software engineering task requires advanced mathematics, a strong foundation in areas like discrete mathematics and calculus can be beneficial for understanding complex algorithms and optimizing software performance.

Do Software Engineers Do Coding?

Yes, software engineers engage in coding as a core aspect of their work. They write code in programming languages to create software applications and systems. 
Coding is an integral part of software engineering, and software engineers need to be proficient in programming languages and have a good understanding of software development principles and best practices.


So, there you have it! We’ve explored what is software engineering and why it holds such significance in today’s digital landscape. As we’ve seen, software engineering encompasses the design, development, and preservation of software systems. 

It’s a field that combines technical expertise, problem-solving skills, and creativity to create reliable and efficient solutions. From coding to testing and project management, software engineers play a crucial role in shaping technology and meeting the ever-evolving needs of industries and society. 

With mathematics as a foundational element, software engineers employ logical thinking and algorithm development to tackle complex challenges. 

So, are you ready to embark on your software engineering journey? Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced professional, there’s always more to learn and explore. 

Take the next step by enrolling in a software engineering course or diving into hands-on projects. Embrace the challenges, stay curious, and join the vibrant community of software engineers shaping the future. Start your software engineering adventure today and unlock a world of endless possibilities!